From Drought to Downpour

 

An artist’s rendition of California’s flooded State Capitol circa 1862
An artist’s rendition of California’s flooded State Capitol circa 1862

“Extreme river and creek flooding has broken many records, and swept away hundreds of homes”  -CNN, May 2014

“The frequent sight of houses floating, air-like, along the swift current was novel indeed, some of them being upright, some bottom up” -Union Democrat, December 1861

Two similar quotes that strangely tie events from today into our roots from the past. The first quote is from present day Texas, where millions of dollars in infrastructure damage has lead the President to declare the event a major disaster. The second is a piece from our own state’s history, an event not often mentioned in the textbooks or the classroom.

If you grew up in Northern California you’ll undoubtedly remember being given a small pan filled with rocks and soil to sift through in search of that infamous, luminous element known as gold. But how many of you remember being told the stories of our state capitol underwater just a decade after we discovered gold, our own governor having to be rowed from his house to the capitol building for his inauguration, or of the thousands that lost their possessions, property, or even their lives because of a torrential downpour that lasted 43 days straight?

History of a hundred year storm

The flood of 1861-1862 started off as a welcomed rain after a major drought throughout the state. While Native Americans of the Delta and Bay Area warned the post-gold rush era settlers of the floods that were about to ensue, many newly established citizens and towns were ill-prepared for such an event. What started as a quenching relief for many farmers soon turned into their worst nightmare, as the Central Valley turned into an inland lake and swelling rivers took down entire towns, a quarter of the state’s livestock, and thousands of lives.

The floods were so bad that, after attempting to run the state from underwater, legislatures decided to move the capitol from Sacramento to San Francisco until it could recover. While San Francisco was in better shape that the inundated Central Valley, most of the low lying areas around the Bay were covered in water. During the peak of the storm, so much water poured in from the Delta that our Bay shorelines didn’t experience low tide for a week.

Haven’t heard of the 1861-1862 flood before? It’s OK, neither had I until I caught one of Joel Pomerantz’s natural history lectures, but surely this is something we Bay Area residents should be aware of considering this was not some freak event but rather a natural occurrence.

Due for another downpour

Every 100-200 years we get a visit from the deceptively named “Pineapple Express”, or stream of warm air and moisture that starts at the equator and makes its way up the West Coast. What most meteorologists refer to as Atmospheric Rivers, these streams of warm air and moisture are important in the global water cycle and can bring up to four times the annual rainfall amount to areas of California.

A deluge of rain may sound like relief given our current dry state, but the reality would be overwhelmingly damaging. Today one of these great storms is estimated to wrack up $10.4 billion dollars in damages, almost the cost of the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake.  What’s worse is that many of these damages would likely be to our shoreline infrastructure and low lying cities on the Bay.

A recent study calls for large scale restoration of San Francisco Bay’s wetlands to help prepare our communities for the next big storm. You see, wetlands act as natural buffers for our communities. One acre of wetlands can hold a million gallons of water – water that would otherwise be in our streets and at our doorsteps if these wetlands didn’t exist. Save The Bay has been working on restoration projects that further help protect our cities from the negative impacts of flooding and support clean Bay water.

While we can’t stop these large storms from occurring, we can educate and better prepare ourselves for when they do arrive. To learn more about the flood of 1861-1862 and what you can do to help support the Bay join us for a restoration event.

We Popped the Question!

Will You Be For The Bay?Well it finally happened.  We’ve been thinking about it for over a year.  And last Thursday we popped the question.

“Will you be For The Bay?”

And the answer was a resounding “Yes!”

Thousands of Bay Area residents are saying  they’re For The Bay by going to our new website at www.forthebay.org and clicking through to get a free For The Bay sticker.   And we’ve been getting some great questions around what this new project is, and what you can do to support a healthy and vibrant Bay for our generation and the next.  Here’s the skinny:

For The Bay is a new initiative of Save The Bay.  For the past half-century, Save The Bay has been the leading regional organization working to protect, restore and celebrate San Francisco Bay, since 1961.  But as new threats to the Bay emerge, and with global changes like sea level rise and the increased risk of severe storms, we need to take things in a new direction – and soon.

Our goal in starting For The Bay is simple.  While 9 in 10 people in our communities get that the Bay is critical to our quality of life, only a small fraction of residents ever take action to support the Bay.  For The Bay aims to change that, with dozens of easy opportunities for more folks to show their enthusiasm and passion for the Bay.

Beyond the substantial environmental benefits of taking new action to restore the Bay, this is also a critical component of protecting our low-lying communities from the risks posed by severe storms and rising sea levels.  Wetlands provide significant flood control benefits to neighborhoods from San Jose to Sonoma, while adjacent levees provide even further protection, which afford residents much needed public access to open spaces.

Over the next couple of years, you’ll hear and see a lot more activity with For The Bay, and we hope you’ll keep in touch with any questions or feedback you might have.